The First World War was unprecedented in its scale and impact, forcing medicine to respond and evolve. At the American Hospital in Paris, doctors developed better anesthesia and a precursor to the modern ambulance, among other advances. When the war broke out in August 1914, Americans in France and at home joined efforts to restructure, equip and staff a 600-bed military hospital in the Lycée Pasteur building in Neuilly-sur-Seine, under management of the nearby American Hospital of Paris. Volunteers from the expatriate community and from the United States stepped forward to serve as doctors, nurses and ambulance drivers, funded through an unprecedented wave of giving. The American Hospital became the epicenter of these volunteer efforts, organizing the first motor-ambulance squad, setting up field hospitals and convalescent centers, and bringing modern medicine to treat terrible war wounds. NBC’s Lucy Kafanov reports for Nightly News.
Rioting erupted in the heart of the French capital Saturday, as protests against President Emmanuel Macron morphed into melees that left burning cars and shattered storefronts across one of the city’s most upscale neighborhoods.
The demonstrations, among the most destructive to hit Paris in recent decades, signal the depth of public opposition to Mr. Macron as he moves to enact sweeping overhauls of the French economy. A protest movement of “gilets jaunes,” or yellow vests, has ridden a wave of popular discontent with the French leader to become the most potent threat yet to his young presidency.
While France is accustomed to sometimes violent protests in the working class suburbs of Paris, Saturday’s rioting occurred in the streets around the Champs-Élysées, a magnet for tourists and the wealthy. The area on Saturday would normally be thronged with holiday shoppers. Instead, stores closed en masse and boarded up their windows as they braced for the demonstrators. NBC’s Lucy Kafanov reports from Paris for the TODAY Show, Nightly News with Lester Holt and MSNBC:
The last American to win the world chess championship was a Brooklyn-bred grandmaster who stunned the world champion and took his title.
The next one may be, too.
Beginning this week, Fabiano Caruana, a 26-year-old grandmaster who has spent the last two decades fighting his way up the ranks to reach No. 2 in the world, is expected to lay serious claim to a title that has not been held by an American since Bobby Fischer won it from Boris Spassky in 1972.
Caruana will challenge the world’s best player, Magnus Carlsen of Norway, at the World Chess Championships in London. NBC’s Lucy Kafanov reports on the World Chess Championships for the TODAY Show:
In Liverpool this weekend, we were treated to an unusual sight: Giants roaming the streets. This was puppetry of colossal proportions — brought to us by the French street theater company Royal Deluxe. It was the third time these gentle giants visited Liverpool, and the last the world will get to see them. We were lucky enough to experience the magic and the wonder — reminding us all to dream big.
Check out our story for NBC’s Nightly News with Lester Holt:
I WAS LUCKY ENOUGH TO VISIT THE LOFOTEN ISLANDS IN NORTHERN NORWAY FOR A STORY RECENTLY. THIS WAS MY FIRST TIME SEEING NATURE’S GREATEST LIGHT SHOW: THE AURORA BOREALIS.
As President Donald Trump seeks to open the Arctic waters for offshore oil and gas drilling, there's a race unfolding for the remote region's mineral wealth. Russia's military is on the march in the arctic - its biggest push in the region since the fall of the Soviet Union. NBC's Lucy Kafanov is the first American journalist to get access to Russia's newly-formed arctic brigade on the northern frontier near the border with Finland.
Watch our story below or read more here: http://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/russia-s-military-buildup-arctic-has-u-s-watching-closely-n753041
Italy Earthquake: Rescuers Dig for Survivors as Death Toll Climbs
by ALASTAIR JAMIESON and LUCY KAFANOV
As Myanmar's NLD-led government assumes the mantle of power, conditions deteriorate for the country's long-oppressed ethnic Rohingya community. My latest for Deutsche Welle:
Trump’s anti-Muslim rhetoric—including a proposal for a “total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States”—is resonating among hardline Buddhist nationalists who have increasingly sought to portray Muslims as an existential threat to the country’s Buddhist majority. They, like Trump, have tapped into a deep vein of anger and bigotry under the guise of protecting their respective countries from the threat of Islamic extremists.
Reporting for this story was supported by a grant from the International Reporting Project.
She is the iconic face of democracy in a country crushed by more than a half-century of military rule — a former political prisoner, Nobel laureate and the head of the National League for Democracy party, which saw a landslide victory in November. But of all the titles granted to Aung San Suu Kyi in recent years, the president of Myanmar, for now, will not be one of them.
You can read my latest piece on Myanmar's fragile democratic transition here: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2016/03/10/aung-san-suu-kyi-myanmar-burma-president/81587208/
A Rohingya Muslim family mourns the death of their patriarch. Yan Thei village is located in a remote part of Rakhine state in Western Burma, about an hour from the ruins of Mrauk U. This village was the site of one of the worst massacres during the 2012 violence which saw most of the homes burned down by Rakhine mobs. Denied citizenship rights and access to education, medical care and the ability to earn a living, many Rohingya are trapped in a desperate situation. The family lacked the money to bribe the police in order to be able to spend a night at the hospital, leaving their father unable to get proper medical care for a kidney condition. He passed away inside his home a few minutes after my arrival.
I've spent the past month reporting across Myanmar, thanks to a generous grant from the International Reporting Project. Please stay tuned for more photographs and stories in the coming weeks.
YANGON, Myanmar — After more than five decades of isolation and repressive military rule, Myanmar on Monday swore in hundreds of lawmakers in its first freely elected parliament.
The inaugural session marked the start of a new era for Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, which has been under army control since 1962.
It follows a Nov. 8 election that saw Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party win two-thirds of available parliamentary seats and effectively rout the country’s military leaders. Suu Kyi won a landslide election in 1990 that was later annulled by the military.
Myanmar still faces a long road to full democracy. The military retains 25% of seats in parliament, giving it a veto over constitutional changes. It also still controls key sectors of the economy and ministries such as defense, interior and border affairs. In addition, the army can take over the government under emergency legislation.
It was the nightmare scenario analysts warned about ever since Russia formally entered the Syrian conflict: Turkish fighter jets shot down a Russian warplane near the Syrian border on Tuesday, dramatically escalating tensions between the NATO member country and Moscow while raising the prospect of further chaos in the Middle East.
“There was plenty of time from the first warning to the shot being fired for this to run up and down the chain of command,” said Howard Eissenstat, a Turkey expert at St. Lawrence University in New York state. “I don’t think this was an accident. I think this was a game of chicken that went wrong.”
You can read the rest of my story for Vocativ here: Turkey And Russia: True Frenemies When It Comes To Syria
The Christian Science Monitor assigned me an interesting story from the German-Polish border, examining how residents were reacting to Poland's recent rightward political shift following that country's elections. It's an incredibly fascinating place -- with tensions and rivalries that date back to centuries of conflict.
You can read the story here: With rightward tilt, will Poland pick a new fight with Germany?
The marshy Oder River separates the eastern German city of Frankfurt an der Oder from its twin on the Polish side, Slubice, but there are no border checkpoints here and crossing from one country to the next is as easy as walking across a concrete and steel bridge.
Wars, contested borders and economic disparity had once made bitter enemies out of residents on each side of the Oder, but following Poland’s entry into the European Union and the subsequent dismantling of borders, the twin cities have emerged as a symbol of German-Polish reconciliation and European unity.
But residents worry that Poland’s rightwing shift in last month’s general election could bring that cooperation to an end.
The vote resulted in a landslide victory by the right-wing eurosceptic Law and Justice Party (PiS), whose leader, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, is well known for his staunchly anti-German views. Now, there are growing fears in both Frankfurt and Slubice that the party’s sweep to power could revive historical grudges and bring lingering resentments to the surface.
Slubice was part of Frankfurt until Hitler’s defeat in 1945, when the victorious Allies redrew Germany’s eastern border along the Oder River, handing Poland nearly 40,000 square miles of German land. Millions of ethnic Germans were expelled from their homes, replaced by new Polish settlers.
In the Communist era, Poland and East Germany became forced allies in the Soviet bloc, but residents of Frankfurt and Slubice remained deeply suspicious of each other and movement between the two cities was restricted.
When the Berlin Wall came tumbling down in 1989, so too did the barriers across the Oder. But the relations were largely transactional: Germans would cross over to Poland to stock up on cheap cigarettes and gasoline, while Poles would buy higher quality products in Germany.
In my latest story for Newsweek, I examine Germany's reaction to the devastating attacks in Paris and whether they are likely to affect Berlin's open-door policy towards refugees.
You can read the story here: In Germany, Shock, Sympathy and New Debate Over 'Open Door'
I also contributed some reporting to Bill Powell's excellent cover story for the magazine, Paris Attacks Show 9/11 Changed Everything and Nothing. If you have a few spare minutes, it is worth a read.
Al Jazeera English published a few of my photographs from a recent journey along the Balkans route with migrants and refugees. Here's the link:
I have a new story out in USA Today, along with several photographs, documenting the perilous journey of war refugees as they seek safety and better opportunities in Europe. Here's a short excerpt:
IDOMENI, Greece — Clutching his son as he trudged through a field of sunflowers toward Greece’s border with Macedonia, Aladdin Shoumali’s eyes glistened with tears in the dim moonlight as he described why he fled his native Syria.
“My daughter dead, my father and brother dead, our home destroyed — we lost everyone, everything in this terrible war,” said Shoumali, 34, wincing as the toddler let out another piercing cry. “My son is sick and we have not slept in days, but there is nothing to do except keep walking.”
So they pressed on, part of an unrelenting tide of desperate people fleeing war-torn homelands to find refuge and better opportunities in Europe. More than 340,000 people have entered Europe so far this year — surpassing 100,000 in July alone — in what authorities describe as the worst refugee crisis since World War II. With unprecedented numbers of migrants making the long and perilous journey to reach European Union borders, countries are struggling to cope.
Read the rest of the story on the USA Today website: Migrants press on, hoping to find refuge anywhere in Europe.
I spent several days at the Greek-Macedonian border, covering the plight of migrants -- most of them families seeking refuge from bloody conflicts in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. These are a few of the photographs from my time with them:
This week, Syrian Kurdish fighters -- backed by U.S.-led coalition airstrikes and a group of Syrian rebel allies -- wrested control of a key Syrian border town from the so-called Islamic State. My report from the Turkish-Syrian border for Al Jazeera English:
Years of instability and political uncertainty have taken their toll on Tal Abyad's residents. Several of the refugees crossing back home refused to answer reporters' questions, citing security concerns.
Whoever controls the town is in charge. I have learned long ago that political opinions are best kept private. Returning Tal Abyad resident "Whoever controls the town is in charge," said a man who was heading back to Tal Abyad with his wife and two daughters. "I have learned long ago that political opinions are best kept private."
Read more here: http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/06/refugees-syria-tal-abyad-face-uncertain-future-150618101233030.html
I recently covered a transgender beauty pageant hosted in Istanbul, ahead of LGBT pride month celebrations. Below are some of my photographs: